This post is part of the Anglo-Indian Project Christmas series 2016.
The administration of British India was divided into three Presidencies: Bengal, Bombay and Madras. These had developed from the East India Company’s factory bases and existed, in various forms, between 1612 and 1947, conventionally divided into three historical periods.
- During the 17th century the East India Company set up factories. By the mid-18th century three Presidency towns had grown in size: Madras, Bombay and Calcutta.
- Between 1757–1858, the Company gradually acquired sovereignty over large parts of India, now called “Presidencies.”
- Following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Company’s remaining powers were transferred to the Crown. In the new British Raj (1858–1947), sovereignty extended to a few new regions, such as Upper Burma. Increasingly, however, unwieldy presidencies were broken up into “Provinces”. (Source: Presidencies and provinces of British India)
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